Tribes from Santa Rosa and Lake Isabella gathered at SF State for a historic moment in modern Native American history.
In accordance of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, today’s ceremony marks the first time in California history that ceremonial baskets were returned to their original tribes and the first time in U.S. history that a non-nationally recognized tribe has been given repatriations.
Representatives of the Tubatulabal tribe from Kern River Valley and the Santa Rosa Tancharia Tachi Yokut tribe gathered in the Science Building alongside Jeffrey Fentress and Kathy Wallace of SF State’s Native American Graves Protection and Repartition Program and other members of the archeology department for the historic occasion.
“They tell stories,” said Tubatulabal Tribe representative Betsy Johnson of the returned ceremonial baskets. “Baskets like these haven’t been made in more than 100 years. Everything who we are are in these. They’re our culture.”
Tears began to well in the eyes of those present as Lalo Franco, director of the cultural and historical preservation department of the Tachi Yokut tribe, told the story of one of the baskets being returned.
“I was just a small child when we were at the funeral of one of my great aunts,” Franco started. “Then our elders gathered and started speaking in the native language. When I asked my father what happened, he said ‘some white men dug up our burial grounds.’ There was nothing we could do about it.”
Multiple ceremonial baskets were returned to both tribes, including one made by Franco’s grandmother.
Before the signing of the forms, both tribes sung prayers to commemorate the occasion in their native languages.
“This law (NAGPRA) is really important to us,” said Franco.
He explained how these found artifacts and research collected, including bones of exhumed burial grounds, are now officially recognized as human beings.
The repatriation of these baskets came at a fortunate time for the Tubatulabal tribe.
“Right now is our annual spring ceremony,” said Marie Bovey of the Tubatulabal tribe. “The timeliness to receive this basket and take it back home is amazing. This is exactly the type of basket that would be used in our ceremonies, and being able to share it with everyone for this weekend is a wonderful thing.”
NAGPRA’s origins can be traced back to when Abraham Lincoln signed the Morrill Land-Grant Acts, which gave land to several universities according to Elizabeth Parent, retired SF State professor of American Indian studies.
In previous years, SF State has returned remains of tribes in the Central Valley, and according to Fentress, they will continue doing so for as long as they can.